Completed project

Research team: Uno Fors and others at DSV

External partners: Marianne Kristiansson, Kristina Sygel at the National Board of Forensic Medicine, Sweden
Finance & budget: The project is financed via a number of different grants from i.a. FAS, Vinnova and other sources incl. DSV internal funds

 

Project description

RoD is based on the idea of presenting interactive scenarios showing a person carrying out everyday activities such as going to work, going home from work, going to the bathroom and so on. Parts of the scenarios were designed to include events which could be potentially challenging for this group of patients. The scenarios are presented as short video sequences introducing the main character and story.

These sequences are followed by decision points (choices of action) where patients choose a reaction which is presented to them as a short video sequence. This reaction is paired with a film showing the consequence following from their choice of action (see Figure 1). Text questions probing the patient’s thoughts, physical reactions and emotions are interspersed.

A first scenario was constructed to consist of a simulated chain of events building up a story about violence in the home between a son and his mother. In this scenario, numerous different video sequences are used to illustrate the events, actions and consequences that were needed.

The story starts with a longer sequence which aims to outline a picture of the main character and to build a relationship between him and the patient. It evolves as the user selects from a number of possible choices of action (Figure 2). Each choice of action is in its turn divided into two parts: a reaction followed by a consequence, all illustrated by video sequences. All the video sequences are expressive, illustrative and directed with realism in mind.

 
FlödesScema.jpg
Figure 1. The workflow of the RoD system. The introductory video sequence is followed by questions to the user. The user then chooses an action which is presented as a video sequence (reaction) followed by other questions. A consequence video sequence is presented and followed by final questions. After that, the scenario is either finished or the user can choose a new action (choice of action).
 


One important part of RoD is the history section or ‘reflection corner’, which is intended to be used by the patient and the facilitator to show the choices the patient made, the video sequences watched and the answers given to the questions. Using this section, the facilitator asks the patient about the choices of action: why did he or she choose this action, what did he or she think would be the consequences of this action, and would this be his or her choice of action if he or she were to choose again. The facilitator can read the patient’s answers and ask the patient about them; for example, ‘Why did you feel angry at this point?’The scenario data contain descriptions of the specific choices of action, links to the clips and dedicated questions to the patient. The video sequences, descriptions and questions for each scenario were integrated into the system and stored on a portable computer with a large high-resolution screen and built-in high-quality speakers. A dedicated editing interface was also developed to generate a data file comprising a tree structure of events, descriptions of these, and related questions. The editor generates a data file that holds the relations between the different data parts.

Links

The RoD project is now followed by the projects

VCs for Forensic psychiatry

VCs for Rehabilitation of violent offenders