Data science is an interdisciplinary research field that concerns methods, techniques, and tools for organizing and analyzing data, as well as extracting knowledge or insights in order to facilitate decision making. Research in this area may be found under several headings, including knowledge discovery, data and text mining, machine learning, big data analytics, predictive analytics, and intelligent data analysis. Data science can facilitate effective and efficient Artificial Intelligence (AI) by exploiting huge amounts of data sources and providing machines with algorithms and techniques for self-learning.